Bug #23710 crash_commit_before fails if innodb_file_per_table=1
Submitted: 27 Oct 2006 8:54 Modified: 18 Jun 2010 23:08
Reporter: Marko Mäkelä Email Updates:
Status: Closed Impact on me:
Category:MySQL Server: InnoDB storage engine Severity:S2 (Serious)
Version:5.1-bk OS:Linux (Linux)
Assigned to: Inaam Rana
Tags: innodb crash corruption

[27 Oct 2006 8:54] Marko Mäkelä
All other tests in the 5.1 test suite pass if innodb_file_per_table is forced on, but crash_commit_before fails if it is not the first test started by ./mysql-test-run.pl.

How to repeat:
cd mysql-test
echo '--skip-stack-trace --skip-core-file --innodb_file_per_table=1'> t/crash_commit_before-master.opt
./mysql-test-run.pl count_distinct crash_commit_before
[27 Oct 2006 9:25] Valerii Kravchuk
Verified just as described, with ChangeSet@1.2320, 2006-10-20 11:15:54+02:00 on Linux.
[27 Oct 2006 11:58] Marko Mäkelä
The test fails with this:

mysqltest: At line 26: query 'SHOW CREATE TABLE t1' failed: 2013: Lost connection to MySQL server during query

In mysql-test/var/log/master.err, I see this:

Version: '5.1.13-beta-debug-log'  socket: '/home/msmakela/innobase/dev/mysql-5.1-build/mysql-test/var/tmp/master.sock'  port: 9306  Source distribution
061027 14:53:16 [Note] SCHEDULER: Loaded 0 events
061027 14:53:16  InnoDB: Assertion failure in thread 3038460848 in file btr0btr.c line 136
InnoDB: Failing assertion: (ibool)!!page_is_comp(root) == dict_table_is_comp(index->table)

This looks like an InnoDB bug. The row_format=compact flag in SYS_TABLES disagrees with the format of the B-tree.
[27 Oct 2006 14:29] Marko Mäkelä
The assertion in btr_root_get() fails, because the page will be filled with zeroes.

This looks like a race condition to me. If I load the SQL statements from crash_commit_before.test, everything works as it is supposed to. If I load count_distinct.test and then crash_commit_before.test in the same mysqld instance, the assertion will fail after crash recovery when table t1 is accessed. Quoting count_distinct.test:

CREATE TABLE t1(a int) engine=innodb;
insert into t1 values(9);
SET SESSION debug="d,crash_commit_before";
COMMIT; -- this is where the intentional crash occurs

I'm assigning this to Heikki, because he implemented innodb_file_per_table=1 and knows it best.
[24 Nov 2006 10:36] Heikki Tuuri
The reason probably is the long-standing bug in InnoDB: it does not make a checkpoint until after a few seconds of mysqld uptime. If mysqld crashes very quickly after the startup, InnoDB does not apply the redo log, which causes the database to be corrupt.

A probable fix: force a checkpoint immediately in the startup.

(gdb) run
Starting program: /home/heikki/mysql-5.1/sql/mysqld
[Thread debugging using libthread_db enabled]
[New Thread 1075701536 (LWP 6774)]
061124 12:18:07 [Warning] Changed limits: max_open_files: 1024  max_connections: 886  table_cache: 64
[New Thread 1129331632 (LWP 6775)]
[New Thread 1137720240 (LWP 6776)]
[New Thread 1146108848 (LWP 6777)]
[New Thread 1154497456 (LWP 6778)]
InnoDB: Warning: we did not need to do crash recovery, but log scan
InnoDB: progressed past the checkpoint lsn 0 794564253 up to lsn 0 794567249
InnoDB: 1 transaction(s) which must be rolled back or cleaned up
InnoDB: in total 1 row operations to undo
InnoDB: Trx id counter is 0 176640
[New Thread 1167666096 (LWP 6779)]
[New Thread 1176054704 (LWP 6780)]
[New Thread 1184443312 (LWP 6781)]
[New Thread 1192831920 (LWP 6782)]
061124 12:18:07  InnoDB: Started; log sequence number 0 794564253
/home/heikki/mysql-5.1/sql/mysqld: Table 'mysql.plugin' doesn't exist
061124 12:18:07 [ERROR] Can't open the mysql.plugin table. Please run the mysql_upgrade script to create it.
061124 12:18:07 [Note] Recovering after a crash using 1
061124 12:18:07 [Note] Starting crash recovery...
061124 12:18:07 [Note] Crash recovery finished.
InnoDB: Starting in background the rollback of uncommitted transactions
061124 12:18:07  InnoDB: Rolling back trx with id 0 176129, 1 rows to undo
InnoDB: Page directory corruption: infimum not pointed to
061124 12:18:07  InnoDB: Page dump in ascii and hex (16384 bytes):
 len 16384; hex 0000000000[New Thread 1201421232 (LWP 6783)]
[24 Nov 2006 10:51] Heikki Tuuri
Hmm... InnoDB does make a checkpoint right in the startup. But the problem is that the lsn in the checkpoint is the same as in the data file header. In the next startup, InnoDB sees the lsn the same in the checkpoint and in the data file header, which makes InnoDB to think that there was no crash.

Fix: do a little modifying mtr in the startup and AFTER that make a new checkpoint.
[27 Nov 2006 13:02] Heikki Tuuri
Hmm... a problem is that we need to FLUSH a few buf pool pages before the lsn in the checkpoint is advanced. Maybe better to fix the bug by decrementing the lsn stamp in ibdata1 in a startup?
[9 May 2007 12:01] Marko Mäkelä
Bug #28283 was marked as a duplicate of this.
[7 Jun 2007 14:04] Heikki Tuuri
Assigning this to Inaam. This bug has fundamental importance, because if InnoDB crashes very soon after a startup, its crash recovery can fail.

A fix might be to make sure that the log sequence number and the checkpoint are immediately increased when InnoDB starts. A way is to modify something in the data files and ask InnoDB to flush a few pages from the buffer pool and do a checkpoint immediately after a startup. But is there a more elegant solution?

[20 Jun 2007 12:09] Heikki Tuuri
http://bugs.mysql.com/bug.php?id=29221 may be another duplicate of this.
[21 Jun 2007 11:33] Heikki Tuuri
Inaam has a patch for this.
[25 Jul 2007 1:36] Timothy Smith
Queued to 5.1-maint
[26 Jul 2007 18:21] Bugs System
A patch for this bug has been committed. After review, it may
be pushed to the relevant source trees for release in the next
version. You can access the patch from:


ChangeSet@1.2555, 2007-07-24 19:34:31-06:00, tsmith@ramayana.hindu.god +25 -0
  Apply snapshot innodb-51-ss1644
  - Bug #23710: crash_commit_before fails if innodb_file_per_table=1
  - Bug #29097: fsp_get_available_space_in_free_extents() is capped at 4TB
  - Bug #29155: Innodb "Parallel recovery" is not prevented
[2 Aug 2007 19:13] Bugs System
Pushed into 5.1.21-beta
[3 Aug 2007 15:10] Paul Dubois
Noted in 5.1.21 changelog.

If MySQL/InnoDB crashed very quickly after starting up, it would
not force a checkpoint.  In this case, InnoDB would skip crash
recovery at next startup, and the database would become corrupt.
Fix: If the redo log scan at InnoDB startup goes past the last
checkpoint, force crash recovery.
[16 Aug 2007 0:54] Timothy Smith
Queued to 5.0-maint
[20 Aug 2007 10:05] Bugs System
Pushed into 5.0.48
[20 Aug 2007 10:20] Bugs System
Pushed into 5.1.22-beta
[25 Aug 2007 14:28] Paul Dubois
Noted in 5.0.48 changelog.
[5 May 2010 15:11] Bugs System
Pushed into 5.1.47 (revid:joro@sun.com-20100505145753-ivlt4hclbrjy8eye) (version source revid:vasil.dimov@oracle.com-20100331130613-8ja7n0vh36a80457) (merge vers: 5.1.46) (pib:16)
[6 May 2010 2:31] Paul Dubois
Push resulted from incorporation of InnoDB tree. No changes pertinent to this bug. Re-closing.
[28 May 2010 5:49] Bugs System
Pushed into mysql-next-mr (revid:alik@sun.com-20100524190136-egaq7e8zgkwb9aqi) (version source revid:vasil.dimov@oracle.com-20100331130613-8ja7n0vh36a80457) (pib:16)
[28 May 2010 6:19] Bugs System
Pushed into 6.0.14-alpha (revid:alik@sun.com-20100524190941-nuudpx60if25wsvx) (version source revid:vasil.dimov@oracle.com-20100331130613-8ja7n0vh36a80457) (merge vers: 5.1.46) (pib:16)
[28 May 2010 6:46] Bugs System
Pushed into 5.5.5-m3 (revid:alik@sun.com-20100524185725-c8k5q7v60i5nix3t) (version source revid:vasil.dimov@oracle.com-20100331130613-8ja7n0vh36a80457) (merge vers: 5.1.46) (pib:16)
[29 May 2010 15:23] Paul Dubois
Push resulted from incorporation of InnoDB tree. No changes pertinent to this bug.
[17 Jun 2010 11:50] Bugs System
Pushed into 5.1.47-ndb-7.0.16 (revid:martin.skold@mysql.com-20100617114014-bva0dy24yyd67697) (version source revid:vasil.dimov@oracle.com-20100331130613-8ja7n0vh36a80457) (merge vers: 5.1.46) (pib:16)
[17 Jun 2010 12:27] Bugs System
Pushed into 5.1.47-ndb-6.2.19 (revid:martin.skold@mysql.com-20100617115448-idrbic6gbki37h1c) (version source revid:vasil.dimov@oracle.com-20100331130613-8ja7n0vh36a80457) (merge vers: 5.1.46) (pib:16)
[17 Jun 2010 13:15] Bugs System
Pushed into 5.1.47-ndb-6.3.35 (revid:martin.skold@mysql.com-20100617114611-61aqbb52j752y116) (version source revid:vasil.dimov@oracle.com-20100331130613-8ja7n0vh36a80457) (merge vers: 5.1.46) (pib:16)