Bug #93642 Contribution: Impossible WHERE for a!=a, a<a, a>a
Submitted: 17 Dec 2018 16:22 Modified: 17 Dec 2018 18:26
Reporter: OCA Admin (OCA) Email Updates:
Status: Verified Impact on me:
None 
Category:MySQL Server: DML Severity:S3 (Non-critical)
Version: OS:Any
Assigned to: CPU Architecture:Any

[17 Dec 2018 16:22] OCA Admin
Description:
This bug tracks a contribution by Daniel Black (Github user: grooverdan) as described in http://github.com/mysql/mysql-server/pull/234

How to repeat:
See description

Suggested fix:
See contribution code attached
[17 Dec 2018 16:22] OCA Admin
Contribution submitted via Github - Impossible WHERE for a!=a, a<a, a>a 
(*) Contribution by Daniel Black (Github grooverdan, mysql-server/pull/234#issuecomment-447770563): I confirm the code being submitted is offered under the terms of the OCA, and that I am authorized to contribute it.

Contribution: git_patch_239069979.txt (text/plain), 8.58 KiB.

[17 Dec 2018 18:26] Miguel Solorzano
Thank you for the contribution.
[18 Dec 2018 1:02] Daniel Black
The existing optimizer will choose 'Impossible WHERE' when the column is 'NOT NULL', however a NULLable column will use an index. Likewise `not (a!=a)` gets an optimization.

https://dbfiddle.uk/?rdbms=mysql_8.0&fiddle=f4b57e5eb6b34bd47d2d71a8f9bde3cf

mysql> select version();
+-----------+
| version() |
+-----------+
| 8.0.11    |
+-----------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> create database test;
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.02 sec)

mysql> use test;
Database changed

mysql>  CREATE TABLE t1 (a TINYINT NOT NULL, KEY(a));
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.06 sec)

mysql>  CREATE TABLE t2 (a TINYINT, KEY(a));
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.13 sec)

mysql> INSERT INTO t1 VALUES (1),(2),(3),(4),(5);
Query OK, 5 rows affected (0.03 sec)
Records: 5  Duplicates: 0  Warnings: 0

mysql> INSERT INTO t2 VALUES (1),(2),(3),(4),(5);
Query OK, 5 rows affected (0.09 sec)
Records: 5  Duplicates: 0  Warnings: 0

mysql> EXPLAIN SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a!=a;
+----+-------------+-------+------------+------+---------------+------+---------+------+------+----------+------------------+
| id | select_type | table | partitions | type | possible_keys | key  | key_len | ref  | rows | filtered | Extra            |
+----+-------------+-------+------------+------+---------------+------+---------+------+------+----------+------------------+
|  1 | SIMPLE      | NULL  | NULL       | NULL | NULL          | NULL | NULL    | NULL | NULL |     NULL | Impossible WHERE |
+----+-------------+-------+------------+------+---------------+------+---------+------+------+----------+------------------+
1 row in set, 1 warning (0.00 sec)

mysql> EXPLAIN SELECT * FROM t2 WHERE a!=a;
+----+-------------+-------+------------+-------+---------------+------+---------+------+------+----------+--------------------------+
| id | select_type | table | partitions | type  | possible_keys | key  | key_len | ref  | rows | filtered | Extra                    |
+----+-------------+-------+------------+-------+---------------+------+---------+------+------+----------+--------------------------+
|  1 | SIMPLE      | t2    | NULL       | index | NULL          | a    | 2       | NULL |    5 |    80.00 | Using where; Using index |
+----+-------------+-------+------------+-------+---------------+------+---------+------+------+----------+--------------------------+
1 row in set, 1 warning (0.00 sec)

mysql> EXPLAIN SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a<a;
+----+-------------+-------+------------+------+---------------+------+---------+------+------+----------+------------------+
| id | select_type | table | partitions | type | possible_keys | key  | key_len | ref  | rows | filtered | Extra            |
+----+-------------+-------+------------+------+---------------+------+---------+------+------+----------+------------------+
|  1 | SIMPLE      | NULL  | NULL       | NULL | NULL          | NULL | NULL    | NULL | NULL |     NULL | Impossible WHERE |
+----+-------------+-------+------------+------+---------------+------+---------+------+------+----------+------------------+
1 row in set, 1 warning (0.00 sec)

mysql> EXPLAIN SELECT * FROM t2 WHERE a<a;
+----+-------------+-------+------------+-------+---------------+------+---------+------+------+----------+--------------------------+
| id | select_type | table | partitions | type  | possible_keys | key  | key_len | ref  | rows | filtered | Extra                    |
+----+-------------+-------+------------+-------+---------------+------+---------+------+------+----------+--------------------------+
|  1 | SIMPLE      | t2    | NULL       | index | NULL          | a    | 2       | NULL |    5 |    33.33 | Using where; Using index |
+----+-------------+-------+------------+-------+---------------+------+---------+------+------+----------+--------------------------+
1 row in set, 1 warning (0.00 sec)

mysql> EXPLAIN SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a>a;
+----+-------------+-------+------------+------+---------------+------+---------+------+------+----------+------------------+
| id | select_type | table | partitions | type | possible_keys | key  | key_len | ref  | rows | filtered | Extra            |
+----+-------------+-------+------------+------+---------------+------+---------+------+------+----------+------------------+
|  1 | SIMPLE      | NULL  | NULL       | NULL | NULL          | NULL | NULL    | NULL | NULL |     NULL | Impossible WHERE |
+----+-------------+-------+------------+------+---------------+------+---------+------+------+----------+------------------+
1 row in set, 1 warning (0.01 sec)

mysql> EXPLAIN SELECT * FROM t2 WHERE a>a;
+----+-------------+-------+------------+-------+---------------+------+---------+------+------+----------+--------------------------+
| id | select_type | table | partitions | type  | possible_keys | key  | key_len | ref  | rows | filtered | Extra                    |
+----+-------------+-------+------------+-------+---------------+------+---------+------+------+----------+--------------------------+
|  1 | SIMPLE      | t2    | NULL       | index | NULL          | a    | 2       | NULL |    5 |    33.33 | Using where; Using index |
+----+-------------+-------+------------+-------+---------------+------+---------+------+------+----------+--------------------------+
1 row in set, 1 warning (0.00 sec)

mysql> EXPLAIN SELECT COUNT(*) FROM t1 WHERE not (a!=a);
+----+-------------+-------+------------+------+---------------+------+---------+------+------+----------+------------------------------+
| id | select_type | table | partitions | type | possible_keys | key  | key_len | ref  | rows | filtered | Extra                        |
+----+-------------+-------+------------+------+---------------+------+---------+------+------+----------+------------------------------+
|  1 | SIMPLE      | NULL  | NULL       | NULL | NULL          | NULL | NULL    | NULL | NULL |     NULL | Select tables optimized away |
+----+-------------+-------+------------+------+---------------+------+---------+------+------+----------+------------------------------+
1 row in set, 1 warning (0.00 sec)

mysql> EXPLAIN SELECT COUNT(*) FROM t2 WHERE not (a!=a);
+----+-------------+-------+------------+-------+---------------+------+---------+------+------+----------+--------------------------+
| id | select_type | table | partitions | type  | possible_keys | key  | key_len | ref  | rows | filtered | Extra                    |
+----+-------------+-------+------------+-------+---------------+------+---------+------+------+----------+--------------------------+
|  1 | SIMPLE      | t2    | NULL       | index | NULL          | a    | 2       | NULL |    5 |    20.00 | Using where; Using index |
+----+-------------+-------+------------+-------+---------------+------+---------+------+------+----------+--------------------------+
1 row in set, 1 warning (0.00 sec)