Bug #103195 it gets very slow to access an empty table after drop a big database
Submitted: 2 Apr 9:48 Modified: 12 Apr 14:42
Reporter: Brian Yue (OCA) Email Updates:
Status: Verified Impact on me:
None 
Category:MySQL Server: Data Dictionary Severity:S5 (Performance)
Version:8.0 OS:Linux (rhel-7.4)
Assigned to: CPU Architecture:Any (x86-64)

[2 Apr 9:48] Brian Yue
Description:
Hello, 
  I firstly created a datatabase and the fill the database with many tables (30000). Then I droped the database, and now if I access other empty tables (e.g. select, drop ...), it will become very slow (maybe 0.7 seconds), but commonly it should be finished within 0.02 seconds.
  Please reference to `How to repeat` for detail.

How to repeat:
Execute these sql statements sequencely:

drop database if exists yxx;
create database yxx;
use yxx;

create table t1(id int);
create table t2(id int);
create table t3(id int);
create table t4(id int);
create table t5(id int);
create table t6(id int);
create table t7(id int);
create table t8(id int);
create table t9(id int);
create table t10(id int);

drop database if exists mytest;
create database mytest;
use mytest;

CREATE TABLE `t_1`(
  EVTBKNO char(3) NOT NULL COMMENT '银行号银行号银行号银行号银行号银行号银行号银行号银行号银行号银行号银行号银行号银行号银行号',
  EVTACDT int(8) NOT NULL COMMENT '当前会计日期当前日期当前会计日期当前会计日期当前会计日期当前会计日期当前会计日期当前会计日期',
  EVTJRNO char(14) NOT NULL COMMENT '交易日志号交易日志号交易日志号交易日志号交易日志号',
  EVTEINO int(2) NOT NULL COMMENT '交易内事件序号交序号交易内事件序号交易内事件序号交易内事件序号交易内事件序号',
  EVTTRBR char(6) NOT NULL COMMENT '交易机构号交易机构号交易机构号交易机构号交易机构号交易机构号交易机构号交易机构号交易机构号交易机构号',
  EVTTRUS char(20) NOT NULL COMMENT '交易用户交易用户交易用户交易用户交易用户交易用户交易用户交易用户交易用户交易用户交易用户',
  EVTAUUS char(20) NOT NULL COMMENT '授权用户授权权用户授权用户授权用户授权用户授权用户授权用户授权用户',
  EVTTRDT int(8) NOT NULL COMMENT '交易日期交易日日期交易日期交易日期交易日期交易日期交易日期交易日期交易日期交易日期',
  EVTRSYS char(4) NOT NULL COMMENT '发起方系统代系统代码',
  EVTRSJN char(36) NOT NULL COMMENT '发起方交易交易流水号发起方交易流水号发起方交易流水号',
  EVTTCSQ int(3) NOT NULL COMMENT '交易调用序号交易调用序号交易调用序号',
  EVTRSTR char(8) NOT NULL COMMENT '发起方交易交易码发起方交易码发起方交易码发起方交易码',
  EVTMPFG char(1) NOT NULL COMMENT '手工入账标入账标识手工入账标识手工入账标识',
  EVTVHTP char(1) NOT NULL COMMENT '传票类型传型传票类型传票类型传票类型传票类型传票类型',
  EVTIBTP char(1) NOT NULL COMMENT '内部清算类部清算类型内部清算类型内部清算类型内部清算类型',
  EVTVLDT int(8) NOT NULL COMMENT '起息日期起日期起息日期起息日期起息日期起息日期起息日期起息日期',
  EVTDRVF char(1) NOT NULL COMMENT '明细冲账冲账标识明细冲账标识明细冲账标识',
  EVTREVT char(1) NOT NULL COMMENT '冲账类型类型冲账类型冲账类型冲账类型冲账类型冲账类型',
  EVTRRAD int(8) NOT NULL COMMENT '被冲/冲账交易日期被冲/冲账交易日期',
  EVTRRAJ char(14) NOT NULL COMMENT '被冲/冲冲/冲账交易日志号被冲/冲账交易日志号',
  EVTHEFL char(120) NOT NULL COMMENT '事件头件头保留项事件头保留项',
  EVTPDFG char(1) NOT NULL COMMENT '产品种类类产品种类产品种类产品种类产品种类产品种类产品种类产品种类产品种类',
  EVTPDCD char(12) NOT NULL COMMENT '产品编品编码产品编码产品编码产品编码产品编码产品编码',
  EVTEVCD char(8) NOT NULL COMMENT '事件代件代码事件代码事件代码事件代码事件代码事件代码事件代码事件代码',
  EVTRLCA char(32) NOT NULL COMMENT '相关号/账号相关合约号/账号相关合约号/账号',
  EVTACCO char(20) NOT NULL COMMENT '客户协议编号客户账户/协议编号客户账户/协议编号',
  EVTASIB char(10) NOT NULL COMMENT '账户账户子序号/借据序号账户子序号/借据序号',
  EVTBLBR char(6) NOT NULL COMMENT '归属属机构归属机构归属机构归属机构',
  EVTCUNO char(12) NOT NULL COMMENT '客号客户号客户号客户号客户号客户号客户号客户号客户号客户号',
  EVTIT01 char(5) NOT NULL COMMENT '科1科目01科目01科目01科目01科目01科目01科目01科目01',
  EVTAS01 char(6) NOT NULL COMMENT '内1内部账顺序号01内部账顺序号01内部账顺序号01内部账顺序号01内部账顺序号01',
  EVTIT02 char(5) NOT NULL COMMENT '科科目02科目02科目02科目02科目02科目02科目02科目02科目02',
  EVTAS02 char(6) NOT NULL COMMENT '内序号02内部账顺序号02内部账顺序号02内部账顺序号02内部账顺序号02',
  EVTIT03 char(5) NOT NULL COMMENT '科目03科目03科目03科目03科目03科目03科目03科目03科目03',
  EVTAS03 char(6) NOT NULL COMMENT '内序号03内部账顺序号03内部账顺序号03内部账顺序号03内部账顺序号03内部账顺序号03内部账顺序号03',
  EVTIT04 char(5) NOT NULL COMMENT '科04科目04科目04科目04科目04科目04科目04科目04',
  EVTAS04 char(6) NOT NULL COMMENT '内04内部账顺序号04内部账顺序号04内部账顺序号04内部账顺序号04',
  EVTIT05 char(5) NOT NULL COMMENT '科目05科目05科目05科目05科目05科目05科目05科目05科目05科目05',
  EVTAS05 char(6) NOT NULL COMMENT '内号05内部账顺序号05内部账顺序号05内部账顺序号05内部账顺序号05',
  EVTIT06 char(5) NOT NULL COMMENT '科科目06科目06科目06科目06科目06科目06科目06科目06科目06',
  EVTAS06 char(6) NOT NULL COMMENT '内6内部账顺序号06内部账顺序号06内部账顺序号06',
  EVTIT07 char(5) NOT NULL COMMENT '科目07科目07科目07科目07科目07科目07科目07',
  EVTAS07 char(6) NOT NULL COMMENT '内07内部账顺序号07内部账顺序号07',
  EVTIT08 char(5) NOT NULL COMMENT '科科目08科目08科目08科目08科目08',
  EVTAS08 char(6) NOT NULL COMMENT '内号08内部账顺序号08内部账顺序号08内部账顺序号08',
  EVTIT09 char(5) NOT NULL COMMENT '科科目09科目09科目09科目09科目09科目09科目09科目09',
  EVTAS09 char(6) NOT NULL COMMENT '内9内部账顺序号09内部账顺序号09内部账顺序号09内部账顺序号09',
  EVTIT10 char(5) NOT NULL COMMENT '科目10科目10科目10科目10科目10科目10科目10科目10科目10',
  EVTAS10 char(6) NOT NULL COMMENT '内10内部账顺序号10内部账顺序号10内部账顺序号10',
  EVTIT11 char(5) NOT NULL COMMENT '科目11科目11科目11科目11',
  EVTAS11 char(6) NOT NULL COMMENT '内顺序号11内部账顺序号11内部账顺序号11',
  EVTIT12 char(5) NOT NULL COMMENT '科2科目12科目12科目12科目12科目12',
  EVTAS12 char(6) NOT NULL COMMENT '内内部账顺序号12内部账顺序号12内部账顺序号12',
  EVTIT13 char(5) NOT NULL COMMENT '科13科目13科目13科目13科目13科目13科目13',
  EVTAS13 char(6) NOT NULL COMMENT '内内部账顺序号13内部账顺序号13内部账顺序号13内部账顺序号13',
  EVTIT14 char(5) NOT NULL COMMENT '科目14科目14科目14科目14科目14科目14科目14科目14科目14科目14',
  EVTAS14 char(6) NOT NULL COMMENT '内顺序号14内部账顺序号14内部账顺序号14内部账顺序号14',
  EVTIT15 char(5) NOT NULL COMMENT '科科目15科目15科目15科目15科目15科目15科目15',
  EVTAS15 char(6) NOT NULL COMMENT '内5内部账顺序号15内部账顺序号15内部账顺序号15',
  EVTIT16 char(5) NOT NULL COMMENT '科16科目16科目16科目16科目16科目16科目16科目16',
  EVTAS16 char(6) NOT NULL COMMENT '内账顺序号16内部账顺序号16',
  EVTIT17 char(5) NOT NULL COMMENT '科17科目17科目17科目17科目17科目17',
  EVTAS17 char(6) NOT NULL COMMENT '内7内部账顺序号17内部账顺序号17内部账顺序号17',
  EVTIT18 char(5) NOT NULL COMMENT '科目18科目18科目18科目18科目18科目18科目18科目18科目18',
  EVTBR01 char(6) NOT NULL COMMENT '机机构01机构01机构01机构01',
  EVTCYNO char(3) NOT NULL COMMENT '货货币数字代码/币种货币数字代码/币种',
  EVTCYFG char(1) NOT NULL COMMENT '钞汇标识钞汇标识钞汇标识',
  EVTAM01 decimal(19,2) NOT NULL COMMENT '01金额01金额01金额01金额01金额01金额01',
  EVTAM02 decimal(19,2) NOT NULL COMMENT '金额02金额2金额02金额02金额02金额02金额02金额02金额02金额02金额02',
  EVTAM03 decimal(19,2) NOT NULL COMMENT '金额03金额额03金额03金额03金额03金额03金额03',
  EVTAM04 decimal(19,2) NOT NULL COMMENT '金额04金额04金额04金额04金额04金额04金额04金额04金额04金额04金额04金额04金额04金额04金额04金额04金额04金额04',
  EVTAM09 decimal(19,2) NOT NULL COMMENT '金额09金额09金额09金额09金额09金额09金额09金额09金额09金额09金额09金额09金额09金额09金额09金额09金额09',
  EVTAM10 decimal(19,2) NOT NULL COMMENT '金额10金额金额10',
  EVTENRF char(1) NOT NULL COMMENT '事件非冲账标识事识事件非冲账标识事件非冲账标识事件非冲账标识事件非冲账标识事件非冲账标识',
  EVTPATI char(6) NOT NULL COMMENT '摘要代码摘要代码要代码摘要代码摘要代码摘要代码摘要代码摘要代码摘要代码摘要代码摘要代码摘要代码摘要代码摘要代码摘要代码',
  EVTSBST char(102) NOT NULL COMMENT '摘要摘要摘要摘要摘要摘要摘要摘要摘要摘要摘要摘要摘要摘要',
  EVTCTFG char(1) NOT NULL COMMENT '现abdeddeddddedd转标识现转标识现转标识现转标识现转标识现转标识现转标识现转标识',
  EVTCICD char(4) NOT NULL COMMENT '现项目代码现金项目代码现金项目代码现金项目代码现金项目代码现金项目代码现金项目代码现金项目代码现金项目代码现金项目代码',
  EVTAGBF char(1) NOT NULL COMMENT '代识代理人业务信息标识代理人业务信息标识代理人业务信息标识代理人业务信息标识代理人业务信息标识代理人业务信息标识代理人业务信息标识',
  EVTBSCD char(5) NOT NULL COMMENT '行业代码行业代码行业代码行业代码行业代码行业代码行业代码行业代码行业代码行业代码行业代码行业代码行业代码',
  EVTELNO char(15) NOT NULL COMMENT '挂编号挂销账编号挂销账编号挂销账编号挂销账编号挂销账编号挂销账编号挂销账编号挂销账编号挂销账编号挂销账编号',
  EVTSUSQ int(6) NOT NULL COMMENT '挂号挂账序号挂账序号挂账序号挂账序号挂账序号挂账序号挂账序号挂账序号挂账序号挂账序号挂账序号',
  EVTELSQ int(6) NOT NULL COMMENT '销账序号销账序号',
  EVTCFCD char(5) NOT NULL COMMENT '凭证代码凭证代码凭证代码凭证',
  EVTHDNO char(12) NOT NULL COMMENT '冠字号冠字号冠字号冠字号冠字号冠字冠字号冠字号冠字号冠字号冠字号',
  EVTCFNO decimal(20,0) NOT NULL COMMENT '凭证号码凭码凭证号码凭证号码凭证号码凭证号码凭证号码凭证号码凭证号码凭证号码凭证号码凭证号码凭证号码凭证号码凭证号码凭证号码凭>证号码',
  EVTCPNN char(20) NOT NULL COMMENT '名组件名组件名组件名组件名',
  EVTDEFL char(30) NOT NULL COMMENT '项事件明细保留项事件明细保留项事件明细保留项事件明细保留项事件明细保留项事件明细保留项',
  EVTMF01 char(16) NOT NULL COMMENT '1段值1段值1段值1段值1段值1段值1段值1段值1段值1段值1段值1段值1段值1',
  EVTTSTM timestamp(6) NOT NULL DEFAULT CURRENT_TIMESTAMP(6) COMMENT '时间戳',
  PRIMARY KEY (EVTBKNO,EVTACDT,EVTJRNO,EVTEINO)
, GDB_BID INT NOT NULL DEFAULT -1, INDEX(`GDB_BID`), GTID BIGINT UNSIGNED NOT NULL DEFAULT 0) ENGINE=InnoDB DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8 COLLATE=utf8_bin;

delimiter /
create procedure proc1()
BEGIN
  DECLARE i INT;
  DECLARE sql_text VARCHAR(2000);
  
  SET i=2;
  SET sql_text='';

  WHILE i<30000 DO
    SET sql_text=CONCAT('CREATE TABLE t_', i);
	SET sql_text=CONCAT(sql_text, ' like t_1;');
	SET @sql_text = sql_text;
	
	SELECT sql_text;
	SELECT @sql_text;

    PREPARE stmt FROM @sql_text;
    EXECUTE stmt;
    DEALLOCATE PREPARE stmt;

    SET i=i+1;
  END WHILE;
END /
DELIMITER ;

call proc1();

drop database mytest;

#[ NOW, let's check the speed of accessing an empty table]

mysql>
mysql> drop database mytest;
Query OK, 29999 rows affected (22 min 51.69 sec)

mysql> select * from yxx.t1;
Empty set (0.36 sec)

mysql> select * from yxx.t2;
Empty set (0.16 sec)

mysql> select * from yxx.t3;
Empty set (0.20 sec)

mysql> select * from yxx.t4;
Empty set (0.26 sec)

mysql> select * from yxx.t5;
Empty set (0.19 sec)

mysql>

#[If I restart the server, it will becomes fast again]

mysql> ^DBye
[yxxdb_8022@localhost ~]$ pkill mysqld
pkill: killing pid 73181 failed: Operation not permitted
[yxxdb_8022@localhost ~]$ mysqld --defaults-file=~/etc/my.cnf &
[2] 90213
[1]   Done                    mysqld --defaults-file=~/etc/my.cnf
[yxxdb_8022@localhost ~]$ mysql -uroot -S bin/mysql1.sock
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 8
Server version: 8.0.22 Source distribution

Copyright (c) 2000, 2020, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its
affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective
owners.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

mysql> select * from yxx.t1;
Empty set (0.02 sec)

mysql> select * from yxx.t2;
Empty set (0.02 sec)

mysql> select * from yxx.t3;
Empty set (0.02 sec)

mysql> select * from yxx.t4;
Empty set (0.01 sec)

mysql> select * from yxx.t5;
Empty set (0.04 sec)

Suggested fix:
Access a empty table should not be so slow, it's empty!
Something is wrong after drop database, fix it!
[2 Apr 12:33] MySQL Verification Team
Hi Mr. Yue,

Thank you for your bug report.

However, this does not seem to be a bug.

We have optimised our server properly and then, we could not repeat the behaviour that you report.

Both MySQL and OS need to be configured properly, especially the variable that define the sizes of the caches for schemas and tables.

Hence, please try our suggestions and then let us know if you have improved the behaviour.
[6 Apr 1:16] Brian Yue
Hello,
  I have tried your suggestion and modified some configurations of both OS and mysql server. Then I tried to repeat this problem, and succeed to repeat it. Different with last report, I create 100,000 tables in the database, which is more than last time (30,000 tables). By the way, the slow-accessed tables should not be accessed (except for creation) before `drop database`, because new-accessed tables are slow to access after `drop database`. And, I believe that this is a bug, and I guess I have found where it locates :)

[yxxdb_8022@localhost ~]$ mysql -uroot -S bin/mysql1.sock
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 61
Server version: 8.0.22 Source distribution

Copyright (c) 2000, 2020, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its
affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective
owners.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

mysql>
mysql>
mysql>
mysql> show variables like '%cache%';
+---------------------------------+----------------------+
| Variable_name                   | Value                |
+---------------------------------+----------------------+
.........
| schema_definition_cache         | 100000               |
| stored_program_cache            | 256                  |
| stored_program_definition_cache | 256                  |
| table_definition_cache          | 520000               |
| table_open_cache                | 520000               |
| table_open_cache_instances      | 16                   |
| tablespace_definition_cache     | 520000               |
| thread_cache_size               | 100                  |
+---------------------------------+----------------------+
21 rows in set (0.01 sec)

mysql>
mysql> system ulimit -a
core file size          (blocks, -c) 0
data seg size           (kbytes, -d) unlimited
scheduling priority             (-e) 0
file size               (blocks, -f) unlimited
pending signals                 (-i) 1030529
max locked memory       (kbytes, -l) 64
max memory size         (kbytes, -m) unlimited
open files                      (-n) 655360
pipe size            (512 bytes, -p) 8
POSIX message queues     (bytes, -q) 819200
real-time priority              (-r) 0
stack size              (kbytes, -s) 8192
cpu time               (seconds, -t) unlimited
max user processes              (-u) 655360
virtual memory          (kbytes, -v) unlimited
file locks                      (-x) unlimited
mysql>
mysql>
mysql> drop database if exists yxx;
create database yxx;
use yxx;

create table t1(id int);
create table t2(id int);
Query OK, 0 rows affected, 1 warning (0.00 sec)

create table t3(id int);
create table t4(id int);
mysql> create database yxx;
create table t5(id int);
create table t6(id int);
create table t7(id int);
create table t8(id int);
create table t9(id int);
create table t10(id int);

Query OK, 1 row affected (0.01 sec)

mysql> use yxx;
drop database if exists mytest;
create database mytest;
use mytest;Database changed
mysql>
mysql> create table t1(id int);
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.01 sec)

mysql> create table t2(id int);
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> create table t3(id int);
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.01 sec)

mysql> create table t4(id int);
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.02 sec)

mysql> create table t5(id int);
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.01 sec)

mysql> create table t6(id int);
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> create table t7(id int);
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.01 sec)

mysql> create table t8(id int);
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> create table t9(id int);
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.01 sec)

mysql> create table t10(id int);
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.01 sec)

mysql>
mysql> drop database if exists mytest;
Query OK, 0 rows affected, 1 warning (0.00 sec)

mysql> create database mytest;
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)
use mytest;

mysql> CREATE TABLE `t_1`(
    ->   EVTBKNO char(3) NOT NULL COMMENT '银行号银行号银行号银行号银行号银行号银行号银行号银行号银行号银行号银行号银行号银行号银行号',
    /*  !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! */
    /* It's too long to place all fields, please reference to the first reported information to find how to create table t_1 */
    /*  !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! */
    -> , GDB_BID INT NOT NULL DEFAULT -1, INDEX(`GDB_BID`), GTID BIGINT UNSIGNED NOT NULL DEFAULT 0) ENGINE=InnoDB DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8 COLLATE=utf8_bin;
Query OK, 0 rows affected, 10 warnings (0.16 sec)

mysql>
mysql> delimiter /
mysql> create procedure proc1()
    -> BEGIN
    ->   DECLARE i INT;
    ->   DECLARE sql_text VARCHAR(2000);
    ->
    ->   SET i=2;
    ->   SET sql_text='';
    ->
    ->   WHILE i<100000 DO
    ->    SET sql_text=CONCAT('CREATE TABLE t_', i);
    -> SET sql_text=CONCAT(sql_text, ' like t_1;');
    -> SET @sql_text = sql_text;
    ->     PREPARE stmt FROM @sql_text;
    ->     EXECUTE stmt;
    ->     DEALLOCATE PREPARE stmt;
    ->
    ->     SET i=i+1;
    ->   END WHILE;
    -> END /
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> DELIMITER ;
mysql>
mysql> call proc1();

mysql> drop database mytest;
Query OK, 99999 rows affected (2 hours 24 min 47.14 sec)

mysql>
mysql> select * from yxx.t1;
Empty set (2.09 sec)

mysql> select * from yxx.t2;
Empty set (0.33 sec)

mysql> select * from yxx.t3;
Empty set (0.31 sec)

mysql> select * from yxx.t4;
Empty set (0.17 sec)

mysql> select * from yxx.t5;
Empty set (0.21 sec)

mysql>
mysql>
mysql>
mysql> set @@session.long_query_time = 0;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> select * from yxx.t6;
Empty set (0.23 sec)

mysql> select * from yxx.t7;
Empty set (0.34 sec)

mysql> select * from yxx.t8;
Empty set (0.13 sec)

mysql> select * from yxx.t9;
Empty set (0.39 sec)
[6 Apr 12:46] MySQL Verification Team
Hi Mr. Yue,

Thank you for your feedback.

Can you clear out the crucial part of what you wrote:

"
 the slow-accessed tables should not be accessed (except for creation) before `drop database`, because new-accessed tables are slow to access after `drop database`.
"

What do you mean by "slow-accessed" tables ??? How would you recommend that it is accessed if someone runs a query on such a table ???

I guess that you know that there are MANY operations to be performed when schema is dropped. Each table should be removed from all caches, data dictionaries etc. All files belonging to the table / tablespaces, have to be accessed and removed by OS, not by MySQL.

Next, how can you access "slow-accessed" tables, after its schema is dropped ???

Last , but not least, the bottleneck for each of the operation, like open, close, unlink etc, is not in our server, but in OS !!!!!

Hence, we still do not understand how do you see this as a bug in our server !!!!
[6 Apr 13:55] Brian Yue
Hello,
  I'm sorry that I didn't express myself well.

  I my testcase, I create 2 schemas (`yxx` and `mytest`). Schema `mytest` is created and filled with many many tables (30000 or 100000), and schema `mytest` is later dropped. After dropping schema `mytest`, I suppose that mysql server will get slow in some step, and in order to prove this I create another schema (`yxx`) and tables for testing response time of mysql-server after dropping schema `mytest`.
  So my steps are:
    (a) Make some preparations: create schema `yxx` and fill it with some tables (t1, t2, ... , t9), which will be accessed after dropping schema `mytest`. And, these tables are not filled with any records. I used `slow-accessed tables` to represent them, because they will be accessed after dropping `mytest`, and in my test this process is slow.
    (b) Create schema `mytest` and fill it with 30000 empty tables, and then drop `mytest`.
    (c) After `drop database mytest` command gives me a successful response, now we can check the response time of mysql-server. So, we can use tables of schema `yxx` to do this test, like `select * from yxx.t1`, `select * from yxx.t2`, ....
    At this time, I find that the select commands in step (c) behaves slowly. Commonly these select commands should be finished very fast, like 0.02 sec, but actually select commands behave very slow (`select * from yxx.t9` costs 0.39 sec). And, this is not temporary, this can happen after 1min, 30min, 1 hour, 12 hours ....   In my last test, I dropped `mytest` in the evening, and it's also slow to do select commands in the morning of the second day (I'll paste the slow log later).

  I notice that you mention there are many operations in `drop` command, I think it's not related with this problem, because it's slow to do `select` command on tables of the other schema (`yxx`), not the dropped schema (`mytest`).
  Also, you memtion `bottleneck for each of the operation`. In my testcase, select commands on tables of schema `yxx` behave slow after dropping `mytest`, but are fast before executing `drop database mytest`, and keep slow until restarting mysql-server.
  I have reproduced this problem for many times (about 6 times), and it's easy for me to do this. And, the reason for why I said this is a bug is that, I have found where the problem is, and I have fixed this problem. After my fix, my server executes `select * from yxx.t1/t2/...` very fast after dropping `mytest` (also about 0.01 sec).
[6 Apr 14:03] Brian Yue
[slow log]:

[yxxdb_8022@localhost data]$ cat localhost-slow.log
/home/yxxdb_8022/bin/mysqld, Version: 8.0.22 (Source distribution). started with:
Tcp port: 6314  Unix socket: /home/yxxdb_8022/bin/mysql1.sock
Time                 Id Command    Argument
# Time: 2021-04-05T23:44:03.738061+08:00
# User@Host: root[root] @ localhost []  Id:    61
# Query_time: 2077.401685  Lock_time: 0.000086 Rows_sent: 0  Rows_examined: 0
use mytest;
SET timestamp=1617637443;
call proc1();
# Time: 2021-04-06T02:08:50.885122+08:00
# User@Host: root[root] @ localhost []  Id:    61
# Query_time: 8687.146617  Lock_time: 0.032888 Rows_sent: 0  Rows_examined: 0
SET timestamp=1617637443;
drop database mytest;
# Time: 2021-04-06T02:08:54.014180+08:00
# User@Host: root[root] @ localhost []  Id:    61
# Query_time: 0.000115  Lock_time: 0.000000 Rows_sent: 0  Rows_examined: 0
SET timestamp=1617646134;
set @@session.long_query_time = 0;
# Time: 2021-04-06T02:08:54.245801+08:00
# User@Host: root[root] @ localhost []  Id:    61
# Query_time: 0.231493  Lock_time: 0.014765 Rows_sent: 0  Rows_examined: 0
SET timestamp=1617646134;
select * from yxx.t6;
# Time: 2021-04-06T02:08:54.585144+08:00
# User@Host: root[root] @ localhost []  Id:    61
# Query_time: 0.339013  Lock_time: 0.013929 Rows_sent: 0  Rows_examined: 0
SET timestamp=1617646134;
select * from yxx.t7;
# Time: 2021-04-06T02:08:54.709728+08:00
# User@Host: root[root] @ localhost []  Id:    61
# Query_time: 0.124227  Lock_time: 0.010292 Rows_sent: 0  Rows_examined: 0
SET timestamp=1617646134;
select * from yxx.t8;
# Time: 2021-04-06T02:08:55.100856+08:00
# User@Host: root[root] @ localhost []  Id:    61
# Query_time: 0.390798  Lock_time: 0.011380 Rows_sent: 0  Rows_examined: 0
SET timestamp=1617646134;
select * from yxx.t9;
# Time: 2021-04-06T08:50:51.098775+08:00
# User@Host: root[root] @ localhost []  Id:    61
# Query_time: 0.369424  Lock_time: 0.036231 Rows_sent: 0  Rows_examined: 0
SET timestamp=1617670250;
select * from yxx.t10;
[yxxdb_8022@localhost data]$
[7 Apr 12:30] MySQL Verification Team
Hi Mr. Yue,

We do understand what you are reporting.

However, this is not a bug. Simply, for those number of tables, these phenomena are expected to occur. Both on the OS side and on MySQL side. It takes time to clear filesystem cache, change open tables vector in OS, manipulate all table caches in MySQL server.

In short, these phenomena are expected behaviour with a number of tables that you are using.

Not a bug.
[7 Apr 13:09] Brian Yue
Hello,
  I'm so disappointed that you think this is not a bug. I definitely and absolutely disagree with you !!!
  I have questions:

  (1) You said `It takes time to clear filesystem cache, change open tables vector in OS, manipulate all table caches in MySQL server`, but have you noticed that, mysql-server behaves always slowly for `select * from yxx.t1/t2/..`, event after 6 hours it still keeps slow. Do you think the operations you memtioned can take so much time?  I'm sure that, event after 1 day, 2 days, ..., 30 days, it will always keep slow !!!!

  (2) You mean that it's the operations you memtioned that makes mysql-server behaves slow. Now that you give this conclusion, have you ever do some tests? have you ever watch the cost time of system calls? have you ever modify code of mysql-server to print some logs to check which function costs so much time? have you ever thought what if this is really a bug ?

  (3) I have modified code of my server and built a new server, and the problem is no more existed in my new server, but I have never modified code about what you mentioned. So, why is the problem not existed in my new server?

  I think you should take it seriously about this problem.
[7 Apr 13:20] MySQL Verification Team
Hi Mr. Yue,

First of all, this is a very well known behaviour to us. 

Yes, we have done lots of testing, profiling and measurements of these phenomena. We had to , since we were actively been developing MySQL server, starting from 1997 until 2009, after which we have been only involved in fixing some bugs and performance bottlenecks.

Also, slow query time of 0 will print you all queries in the slow query log.

Not a bug.
[7 Apr 13:34] Brian Yue
Hello,
  I know that you are professional on MySQL, but I don't think you knows everything about it. For analyzing and fixing this bug, I cost 5 days to modify code, print log, do many stastics. And as a result, I fixed this bug. This problem is not existed anymore in my server.

  You said this is well known, but have you thought that maybe this is always a bug (or a performance problem), but never realized. And why can I fix this problem ?

  I'd like to share my solution code, but under the premise you accept this as a bug.
[8 Apr 6:21] Brian Yue
Hello,
  Today I tried my test on MySQL8.0.22 version, and found that it needs a different way to reproduce the problem I raised. Different with the steps I previouslt told you, 2 sessions of mysql client are used, one is used to execute `drop database mytest` command, and the other is used to execute `select * from yxx.t1/t2/....` to check response time of mysql-server.

  Comparison between the original version of MySQL8.0.22 and the modified version of MySQL8.0.22 (by me):

  ============= THE ORIGINAL VERSION OF MYSQL8.0.22 ==============

[session 1]

mysql> drop database mytest;
^[[1;5F^[[1;5FQuery OK, 29999 rows affected (17 min 53.94 sec)

[session 2]

mysql> select * from yxx.t1;
Empty set (0.23 sec)

mysql> select * from yxx.t2;
Empty set (0.03 sec)

mysql> select * from yxx.t3;
Empty set (0.02 sec)

mysql> select * from yxx.t4;
Empty set (0.01 sec)

mysql> select * from yxx.t5;
Empty set (0.01 sec)

mysql> select * from yxx.t6;
Empty set (0.02 sec)

mysql> select * from yxx.t7;
Empty set (0.03 sec)

mysql> select * from yxx.t8\;
ERROR:
Unknown command '\;'.
    -> ^C
mysql> select * from yxx.t9;
Empty set (0.04 sec)

mysql> select * from yxx.t10;
Empty set (0.02 sec)

mysql> select * from yxx.t11;
Empty set (0.05 sec)

mysql> select * from yxx.t12;
Empty set (0.03 sec)

mysql> select * from yxx.t13;
Empty set (0.02 sec)

mysql> select * from yxx.t14;
Empty set (0.01 sec)

mysql> select * from yxx.t15;
Empty set (0.01 sec)

mysql> select * from yxx.t16;
Empty set (0.03 sec)

mysql> select * from yxx.t17;
Empty set (0.06 sec)

mysql> select * from yxx.t18;
Empty set (0.05 sec)

============= THE MODIFIED VERSION OF MYSQL8.0.22 BY ME ==============
[session 1]

mysql> drop database mytest;
Query OK, 29999 rows affected (10 min 23.65 sec)

[session 2]

mysql>
mysql> select * from yxx.t1;
Empty set (0.01 sec)

mysql> select * from yxx.t2;
Empty set (0.00 sec)

mysql> select * from yxx.t3;
Empty set (0.00 sec)

mysql> select * from yxx.t4;
Empty set (0.00 sec)

mysql> select * from yxx.t5;
Empty set (0.00 sec)

It's not too obvious comparing to the cost time I previously told you, select commands cost time mostly from 0.03 sec to 0.23 sec (not stable, sometimes costs long time), while on the modified version by me, select commands mostly cost time <= 0.01 sec (very stable, <= 0.01 sec). So I think it's a big gap.

Secondly, let's check the time of drop database. `drop database mytest` command cost time about 17 min 54 sec,  while after modified the same command costs about 10 min 24 sec, which means my server behaves faster for `drop database` command.

And, all the 2 benefits comes from my fix of the bug I mentioned.
[9 Apr 12:54] MySQL Verification Team
Hi Mr. Yue,

Well, we have done something better.

We have verified your report as a performance improvement feature.

Now, you can share your solution with us.

We wait on your patch.
[12 Apr 14:42] Brian Yue
Hello,
  Thanks for your verification, which I think is a pretty smart choice :)

  Patch like this (later I'll upload it as a file to `Contributions` part), it will bring a big improvement of performance for `drop database` and `create many tables`.

  diff --git a/sql/mdl.cc b/sql/mdl.cc
index 2413b69..ab901e3 100644
--- a/sql/mdl.cc
+++ b/sql/mdl.cc
@@ -182,8 +182,28 @@ class MDL_map {
     */
     int32 unused_locks = ++m_unused_lock_objects;

-    while (unused_locks > mdl_locks_unused_locks_low_water &&
-           (unused_locks > m_locks.count * MDL_LOCKS_UNUSED_LOCKS_MIN_RATIO)) {
+    /*
+      #BUG-103195: previously we didn't consider dummy nodes while releasing
+      unused locks. If there are too many dummy nodes and too little unused
+      locks, it become pretty difficult to find enough unused lock objects.
+      As I tested, after creating and droping a database with 30000 tables,
+      number of buckets will be increase to about 4 million, and there are few
+      MDL_lock objects after droping database, so when we have to release a
+      unused lock, we have to traverse too many dummy nodes, which exausts
+      a lot of time (I noticed it costs 38ms to find a unused lock once). It
+      is better to consider count of buckets (each bucket has a dummy node
+      after initialized) while making a decision to unused locks or not, and
+      we use count of buckets to represent count of dummy nodes approximately.
+      Avoiding too many unused locks, we mark a upper-limit of memory, exceeded
+      locks will be released anyway.
+    */
+    while ((unused_locks > mdl_locks_unused_locks_low_water &&
+           (unused_locks > (m_locks.count + m_locks.size) * MDL_LOCKS_UNUSED_LOCKS_MIN_RATIO))
+           ||
+           (m_locks.element_size > 0 &&
+           (MDL_LOCKS_UNUSED_LOCKS_MAX_MEMORY / m_locks.element_size < (uint)unused_locks)) ) {
       /*
         If number of unused lock objects exceeds low water threshold and
         unused/total objects ratio is high enough - try to do random dive
diff --git a/sql/mdl.h b/sql/mdl.h
index ebcbe09..f881a0d 100644
--- a/sql/mdl.h
+++ b/sql/mdl.h
@@ -1702,21 +1702,30 @@ extern ulong max_write_lock_count;

 extern int32 mdl_locks_unused_locks_low_water;

 /**
   Default value for threshold for number of unused MDL_lock objects after
   exceeding which we start considering freeing them. Only unit tests use
   different threshold value.
 */
-const int32 MDL_LOCKS_UNUSED_LOCKS_LOW_WATER_DEFAULT = 1000;
+const int32 MDL_LOCKS_UNUSED_LOCKS_LOW_WATER_DEFAULT = 10000;

 /**
-  Ratio of unused/total MDL_lock objects after exceeding which we
-  start trying to free unused MDL_lock objects (assuming that
+  Ratio of unused/(total MDL_lock objects + count of buckets) after exceeding
+  which we start trying to free unused MDL_lock objects (assuming that
   mdl_locks_unused_locks_low_water threshold is passed as well).
   Note that this value should be high enough for our algorithm
   using random dives into hash to work well.
 */
-const double MDL_LOCKS_UNUSED_LOCKS_MIN_RATIO = 0.25;
+const double MDL_LOCKS_UNUSED_LOCKS_MIN_RATIO = 0.125;
+
+/**
+  Max memory usage of unused MDL_lock objects, now default 100MB.
+  If memory of unused locks exceeds this number, force-release will happen.
+*/
+const int32 MDL_LOCKS_UNUSED_LOCKS_MAX_MEMORY = 100*1024*1024;
+

 int32 mdl_get_unused_locks_count();
[12 Apr 14:45] Brian Yue
solution code, about lf_hash

(*) I confirm the code being submitted is offered under the terms of the OCA, and that I am authorized to contribute it.

Contribution: patch_103195.txt (text/plain), 3.15 KiB.

[13 Apr 12:17] MySQL Verification Team
Hi Mr. Yue,

Thank you for your contribution.